Groundwater: Falling levels and contamination threaten India’s water lifeline: Urgent need for community-driven bottoms-up management

We have all hear the #NuclearWar rumors between India and Pakistan. this river is the reason for the dispute. Both countries rely there for try sand divert the river and cheat the other. #Contamination is a whole new ballgame that could up the stakes on this volatile situation

SANDRP

Above: Well at Lothal, possibly more than 4000 years old Photo : Srijan Bhatt, 2013

Over the last 3-4 decades, groundwater has emerged as the main source for all uses including irrigation. According to the World Bank, “India is the largest groundwater user in the world”. It has a relatively decentralized access and is convenient to use, making it the backbone of India’s agriculture and drinking water security. As a common pool resource, it also remains the only source of drinking water for most rural households. Almost 60% of the water used for irrigation in India is groundwater[1]. Estimates show that nearly 50% of urban drinking water comes from underground sources[2]. The 12th Five Year Plan recognizes that groundwater is being exploited beyond sustainable levels and with an estimated 30 million groundwater structures in play, India may be hurtling towards a serious crisis of groundwater…

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